Spinoza, Benedictus de, (1632-1677.)

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Theological-political treatise
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Spinoza, Benedictus de, (1632-1677.)

Theological-political treatise / Benedict de Spinoza ; edited by Jonathan Israel ; translated by Michael Silverthorne and Jonathan Israel.

Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Cambridge texts in the history of philosophy

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Abstract: Spinoza's Theological-Political Treatise (1670) is one of the most important philosophical works of the early modern period. In it Spinoza discusses at length the historical circumstances of the composition and transmission of the Bible, demonstrating the fallibility of both its authors and its interpreters. He argues that free enquiry is not only consistent with the security and prosperity of a state but actually essential to them, and that such freedom flourishes best in a democratic and republican state in which individuals are left free while religious organizations are subordinated to the secular power. His Treatise has profoundly influenced the subsequent history of political thought, Enlightenment 'clandestine' or radical philosophy, Bible hermeneutics, and textual criticism more generally. It is presented here in a new translation of great clarity and accuracy by Michael Silverthorne and Jonathan Israel, with a substantial historical and philosophical introduction by Jonathan Israel.

Ethics
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Spinoza, Benedictus de, (1632-1677.)

Ethics / by Benedict de Spinoza ; translated by Edwin Curley ; with an introduction by Stuart Hampshire.

London : Penguin Books,1994.

Abstract: Published shortly after his death, the Ethics is undoubtedly Spinoza's greatest work - an elegant, fully cohesive philosophical system that strives to provide a coherent picture of reality, and to comprehend the meaning of an ethical life. Following a logical step-by-step format, it defines in turn the nature of God, the mind, the emotions, human bondage to the emotions, and the power of understanding - moving from a consideration of the eternal, to speculate upon humanity's place in the natural order, the nature of freedom and the path to attainable happiness. A powerful work of elegant simplicity, the Ethics is a brilliantly insightful consideration of the possibility of redemption through intense thought and philosophical reflection.